JULY’S TRIVIA: World Population
Written by mcdcimsa, on July 31st, 2018
It took hundreds of thousands of years for the world population to grow to 1 billion, then in just 200 years it grew to 7 billion. The current world population is 7.6 billion, and it is expected to continue growing up to 8 billion in 2023 and 10 billion in 2055.
This dramatic growth has been driven largely by increasing numbers of people surviving to reproductive age, and has been accompanied by major changes in fertility rates, increasing urbanization and accelerating migration. These trends will have far reaching implications for generations to come.
The world population is currently growing at a rate of around 1.09% per year and current average population increase is estimated at 83 million people per year. Annual growth rate reached its peak in the late 1960s at around 2%, and continues to decline in the coming years.
Methods of controlling population growth include:
- Family planning
With family planning, children of a family are limited to a number of one or two. This in turn reduces accidental pregnancies and ensures a controlled family size.
- Raising level of education
Education, especially for women, is very important in population control because it changes cultural beliefs and attitudes. It emancipates women and makes people more liberal in approach.
- Increasing employment opportunities for women
As more women join career jobs, they tend to be occupied by work. This acts as an alternative to bringing up children. A career woman might find children a burden since they interfere with her work. Some careers require complete devotion and leave little room for other activities, including caring for children.
- Increasing incomes
Increased incomes result in an increased demand for durable goods, such as electronic goods, house, and furniture, as well as leisure activities, such as holiday outings, films, sports, and music. Well off people tend to stay away from homes for longer hours compared to the poor. Increased incomes mean better living standards that people will usually guard against losing.
- Increased security in old age
In communities where children are regarded as security in old age, introduction to pension schemes, insurance schemes, and incomes for old people can substitute as security for old age.
- Enacting child labor laws
Where children are regarded as suppliers of labor, strict laws can be enforced to restrict the minimum age for child employment, making it illegal for anybody to employ a child at a minor age.
- Balanced economic growth
A balanced economic growth ensures better regional income distribution and removes pressure from some urban centers.
Raising the cost of bringing up children
Measures aimed at imposing greater burden on those with more children can be introduced, such as subsidy and tax policies. In addition, higher school fees and medical care fees can be imposed on those with more than the stated number of children.